Violence Intervention Program (Baltimore, MD)
The Violence Intervention Program (VIP) at the R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, was launched in 1998. The VIP is an intensive hospital-based intervention program that assists victims of intentional violent injury. Victims receive assessment, counseling, and social support from a multi-disciplinary team. The program model is strongly rooted in evidence-based research.
The VIP model embraces four basic phases of change for program participants:
2. Recovery and Rehabilitation
3. Community Reintegration
4. Self-Reliance and Referral
Priorities for intervention include safety issues such as retaliation, domestic violence, and risk-taking behavior; medical, mental, social adjustment; healthy coping skills; and connection to community-based services. The priorities for intervention are incorporated into the four phases of change.
In 2000, a study of program participants found that VIP clients had an 83% decrease in repeat hospitalization, a 66.7% decrease in violent crime, and an 82% employment rate at the time of follow-up (compared to a 20% rate for those not in the program).