The Violence Intervention Program (VIP) at the R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, was launched in 1998. The VIP is an intensive hospital-based intervention program that assists victims of intentional violent injury. Victims receive assessment, counseling, and social support from a multi-disciplinary team. The program model is strongly rooted in evidence-based research.
The VIP model embraces four basic phases of change for program participants:
2. Recovery and Rehabilitation
3. Community Reintegration
4. Self-Reliance and Referral
Priorities for intervention include safety issues such as retaliation, domestic violence, and risk-taking behavior; medical, mental, social adjustment; healthy coping skills; and connection to community-based services. The priorities for intervention are incorporated into the four phases of change.
In 2000, a study of program participants found that VIP clients had an 83% decrease in repeat hospitalization, a 66.7% decrease in violent crime, and an 82% employment rate at the time of follow-up (compared to a 20% rate for those not in the program).